Ph. D. in Law

The doctoral program in law is aimed at aspiring candidates who wish to pursue research in law. As the field of law is dynamic, there is a greater need to undertake research especially in Constitutional Law, Environmental Law, Intellectual Property Rights Law, Criminal Law and Informational Technology Law. The research in law is multidimensional and interdisciplinary in character. The School of Law will provide academic support with experienced faculty that will facilitate the researcher to make significant contributions in his / her a rea of research.

Course Structure

Course work for Six Months – Paper 1

Unit 1. Introduction of Research: General

  • Definition, need, process
  • Research objectives
  • Research approaches
  • Significance of research & importance of knowing how research is done
  • Criteria of good research
  • Types of Research : Pure, Applied and Action Research
  • Kinds of Research: Diagnostic, Descriptive, Exploratory, Explanatory
  • Scientific methods, components of scientific methods
  • Research process
  • Problem encountered by researches in India

Unit 2. Literature survey; Proposal writing

  • Types of Literature search – use of library, books & journals – Medlines, internet, getting patents and article reprints as a source of literature survey
  • Review of Literature – Formulation of Hypothesis
  • Identification and selection of research problems, preparation of research proposal, synopsis

Unit 3. Research Design; Study design

  • Need for research design, Important concepts relating to design, Features of good design
  • Research designs
  • Basic principles of experimental design – Pre-experimental, CRD and Quasi-Experimental designs
  • Types of research design: Historical design, Descriptive design, case control, cohort, cross sectional, longitudinal

Unit 4. Data Collection Techniques and Interpretation

  • Collection of Data : Primary Data – Meaning, Secondary data – Meaning – Relevances, limitations an cautions.
  • Data Collection methods : Interview, Observation; Questionnaire
  • Developing tools – Validity (internal & external), Reliability of the tools
  • Meaning of Interpretations; Techniques of Interpretation, Precautions in Interpretations, Data Processing; Coding, tabulations, classifications

Unit 5. Research Reporting

Scientific Writing:

  • Definition and kinds of scientific documents – research paper, review paper, book of reviews, thesis, conference and project reports (for the scientific community and for funding agencies)
  • Publication – role of author, guide, co-authors
  • Components of a research paper – the IMRAD system, title, authors and addresses, abstract, acknowledgements, references, tables and illustrations
  • Structure, style and contents; Style manuals (Chicago, Harvard, Vancuvour, APA, MLA); Citation styles : Footnotes, references; Evaluation of research
  • Dealing with publishers – submission of manuscript, ordering reprints
  • Current trends in LIS research (Advanced countries, Less-Advanced countries and Global)

Report writing

  • Significance of Report writing; Different steps in Report writing; Mechanics and precautions of writing research reports; Layout of the Research project; Types of reports and Oral presentation.
  • Oral and poster presentation of research papers in conferences/symposia; Preparation of abstracts.
  • Preparation and submission of research project proposals to funding agencies
  • Structure of Thesis and Content – Preparing Abstracts

Collaborators & Funding

  • Classification of Institutes
  • Collaborations and collaborators
  • Funding for research
  • Computers in research

Recommended Books:

  1. How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper:; Robert A. Day, Barbara Gastel; 6th edition; Cambridge : Cambridge University; 2006
  2. Research Methodology Methods and Techniques; C R Kothari; 2nd edition; New Age International; 1990 (epublished in 2009)
  3. Research Methodology Methods and Statistical Techniques; Santhosh Gupta; New Delhi : Deep & Deep Publications ; 2000

Paper 2

Area Selected for the Research Work